- Rhetorical Questions
- Listing – by 3
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9701081 – health rights and stats
http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GGGR_2017.pdf – rankings and details world
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_rights_in_Afghanistan – rights as a whole
Speech topic: Why you wouldn’t want to be a woman if Afghanistan
“It’s a question of control and power. You use religion, you use culture, you use tradition, you use gender to keep the power, to keep control.” – Sima Samar, Chairperson of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission
Today in New Zealand, we take our freedom much for granted, even as women. Rights of voting, education, health care, being able to work and choosing when and who you marry. This thought of relative peace that we have here, is similar to what the women in Afghanistan had before their government was overthrown and the Taliban Regime began. The lifestyle that these women were accustomed to was drastically changed for the worst. Afghan women now rank near or at the bottom of the majority of reasonable world rankings including life expectancy, suicide rates, health care access, education access, domestic violence and more.
2: Violence towards women
- Physical, emotional, sexual violence
- Forced marriage
- Abuse from family
- Protection for them
- No freedom
- Research by Global Rights estimates that almost 9 out of 10 Afghan women face physical, sexual or psychological violence, or are forced into marriage. Most of this abuse comes from family sources – ie. parents, husbands, children. Many of these women then have to return to these homes every day as there is little to no alternative for them.
- Only 14 protection centres across Afghanistan, most are in urban areas where many women cannot reach. Many are under threat due to Foreign governments and donors cutting back on funding and the national government is not filling in the gap. Some leaders within the government are also calling for shelters to close. “These so-called ‘safe houses’ are very bad,” said Nazir Ahmad Hanafi, a popular member of Afghanistan’s parliament representing the western city of Herat. “They protect people who are doing wrong things and give them immunity. They open the gates to social problems.”
- Marital rape is the norm in a society where sex is a man’s right, not a woman’s.
- In the south and east, life for women is mostly unchanged since the Taliban times: they remain cloistered indoors, in burqas, away from schools, without health care, without independence, and without protection from physical and sexual violence.
3: Health rights
- https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9701081 report showing the statistics of rights that changed after the Taliban’s overthrow. Self-reported changes in physical and mental health, access to health care, war-related trauma, human rights abuses, and attitudes toward women’s human rights. The majority of all women reported a decline in physical and mental health status (71% [113/160] and 81% [129/160], respectively) and reported a decline in access to health care (62% [99/160]) during the last 2 years living in Kabul. demonstrated evidence of major depression (97% [155/160]), and had significant anxiety symptoms (86% [137/160]).
- https://reliefweb.int/report/afghanistan/womens-health-and-human-rights-afghanistan According to the UN Secretary-General, “the health situation of women in Afghanistan is amongst the worst in the world.” (Both in terms of their health and their access to it.) This population-based study by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) documents the degree to which Afghan women perceive that violations of human rights by the Taliban regime are responsible for affecting their health and well-being. Women in the Taliban controlled areas surveyed by PHR almost unanimously expressed that the Taliban had made their life “much worse” (94-98%). These women reported worse physical (84% vs. 63%) and mental health (85% vs. 54%), including extremely high rates of major depression (76% vs. 28%) and suicide (16% vs. 9%), compared to women living in non-Taliban controlled areas. In addition, 21-64% of women surveyed by PHR reported having no access to health care services, and an inability to afford care was given as the most common reason (45-55%) that women in Taliban-controlled areas were unable to access it.
4: Education rights